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October 19, 2021 • 1 m read

Introducing AskMirror: Search and Discovery for Mirror

Mirror is democratizing the future of publishing. In fact, some of the best writing in the world is posted here. Yet one crucial aspect is missing from the Mirror experience: search and discovery. Finding content does not need to look like this: Today, we are launching AskMirror -- an advanced search and discovery site for the platform. We built this to enrich your web3 experience and give you a place to find, read, and follow what you love. AskMirror uses machine learning to tag and classify articles, making it ridiculously easy to discover content that inspires you. Search for articles, publications, and writers. Mirror was built in large part by its community, so we’d love to hear your suggestions and feedback. What would make your experience on Mirror, and web3, absolutely epic? Check out AskMirror at AskMirror was built by The decentralized web is the new Internet. From Bitcoin to NFTs, DeSo to the metaverse, the revolution is upon us. But an internet is only as good as its search.So why does navigating web3 today feel like you’re using the search engines of the 90s? Search today is siloed and confusing. This is why Sepana has taken on the challenge of radically improving search and discovery for web3. We believe that a simple, powerful, and intuitive search is critical for unleashing the full promise of the decentralized web. In addition to AskMirror, we recently launched, an advanced search experience for BitClout, and the DeSo protocol. Cloutavista is the embedded search engine for, Diamondapp, and other DeSo projects. We're looking for fellow adventurers, curious minds, and passionate tinkerers to help build a better way to navigate web3. Ping me at if you're interested in joining the journey.

Daniel Keyes


Oct 1 • 7 m read

Web 3 Series #5: What is Decentralization? Why is it so important?

Author(s): faevy#6563 Editor(s): Alan Nguyen#4569 Last updated: 2nd Oct 2022 Introduction Decentralization is a particular type of organizational structure in which top management delegates day-to-day operations and decision-making to middle and lower level staff. Simply put, it's more or less like a situation whereby the superiors in an organization, assign authority to their subordinates. Decentralization can also be said to be the orderly distribution of power among all levels of management in a company. Tasks, duties, activities and control are passed down at various levels in an organization. Decentralization in the context of blockchain describes the transfer of power and decision-making from a centralized entity (a person, an organization, or a collection of such entities) to a dispersed network. Decentralized networks have a major objective to reduce the trust or dependence that participants must have on one another, preventing them from acting in an authoritative manner. In comparison, I will shed some light on Centralization. How Does Centralization Work? The process of consolidating planning and decision-making tasks to one leader or region within an organization is known as centralization. It indicates that centralized authority is in charge of the information and features of the specified platform. A structure of an organization where only a small number of people have the authority to make decisions is sometimes referred to as centralization. Advantages Of Centralized Government Clearly Defined Command Chain: The chain of command is well understood. This indicates that everyone in the company is aware of their responsibilities and to whom they should report. They are accountable for the activities of the person they are in charge of as well as the person they are in charge of. Affordable: Compared to decentralization, any centralized network or infrastructure requires less maintenance and is less expensive because it involves fewer people. Enables Quick Decision Making: As a result of the fewer nodes or people involved, less communication amongst the different levels of authorization is required. Less number of people to give permissions or opinions about activities as control is only given by a few. Disadvantages Trust: Trust is simply an agreement that is established between the service provider and the user, agreements however, can break easily. Big corporations suffer from trust issues among their users, from time to time. Especially when there's a lapse of security in the system which could happen because all the data is stored in a centralized database. This makes the system prone to hacks, people tend to lose patience and trust in the service provider as a result of this. Single Point Of Failure: In centralization, the entire organization is solely dependent on a single point of failure. Therefore, any form of mistake or breach in security tends to affect the entire network. Especially when mission-critical services are involved. Scalability Limitations: As a single server is used in most cases, it leads to scalability limitations. Benefits of Decentralization Decentralization offers too many benefits and incentives to pass up. Responsibility, specific goals, results-based accountability, and more efficient and effective decision-making are all benefits of decentralization. Hastens Decision Making: As a result of the distribution of decision-making authority, this speeds up decision-making and helps to develop sensible decisions, which facilitates and expedites problem-solving. Encourages executive development: It boosts employees' self-assurance, in the sense that when authority is transferred to lower levels, they have to depend on their judgment regarding organizational matters. This leaves the executives constantly challenged to provide solutions to problems encountered in daily operations. Promotes Development Of Managerial Skills: Decentralization creates opportunities for subordinates to prove their abilities. It encourages a good number of competent and skilled manpower that can handle challenging situations, which gives a sense of responsibility by way of promotions. Promotes Better Control: It allows for accountability of each department in an organization, this is because the performance of each team or department can be measured. It's easier to know which department isn't efficient since there's transparency. The extent to which goals of the organization are accomplished as well as the contribution of each team is determined. Relieves Top Management: It reduces the burden of direct supervision (by superiors) of operations carried out by the subordinates, as there's already a distribution of decision making power amongst them as well as carrying out tasks accordingly within limits set by the superiors. Due to this fact, the superiors get to dedicate more time in solving more pressing and delicate problems. Promotes Speedy Growth: It generates a sense of competition among various teams/departments, as a result, they tend to work harder, carry out tasks faster and more efficiently in order to exceed other teams. This makes the organization grow in terms of size and generate more revenue due to work efficiency and increased level of productivity by various teams/departments. Allows For Effective Communication: Decentralization builds a concrete communication system between subordinates and superiors. It reduces the burden of top-level management and allows middle and lower level executives the chance to gain actual work experiences as well as preparing them for higher roles in the future. This improves the self confidence of the subordinates and their drive towards work. Creates A Trustless Environment: Each department/team or member has a copy of the exact same data of the operations going on in the organization. It's a transparent system, most information is not hidden from members, for example, in cases of DAOs, tasks are carried out openly and information is made available for everyone to have visual access. This way there's little room for corruption. Makes Data Retrieval Easy: When there's a decentralized data store, every entity has access to a real-time shared view of data. The decentralized system allows organizations to exchange data with their partners, this makes it difficult for data to totally get lost. It can easily be retrieved when need be. Enhances Distribution of Resources: Tasks and opportunities are distributed amongst the entire system. It ensures that services are provided with better performance and consistency also decreasing the tendency of failure. Disadvantages Of Decentralization Communication Barriers: As a result of a Decentralized system, communication among members can cause confusion as there are independent team members who are responsible for their roles, tasks and schedule. For instance, in discord servers for DAOs, it can be difficult to track important information as there are so many messages sent by different members at different times. Sometimes information can be rowdy and there could be irrelevant information passed across which could make it more difficult to track relevant ones. Each manager may have their own preferences, viewpoints, and methods of operation, which can make general questions, procedures, and rules unclear. Expensive Teams: Decentralized organizations call for more managers to take responsibility for team members and the overall organization — which means managerial expenses are increased as these team leads have to be paid for their services. Difficulty Working Together: It might be challenging for two different departments to work together on a new project or coordinate functions when there are so many different leaders, viewpoints, and timelines. Service Activities May Use Up Resources: Service functions (including accounting and marketing) must be offered to each department in order for them to be self-sufficient. However, centralized businesses can save money by using the same service functions for all or the majority of their departments. Poor Leadership From Individual Teams Can Damage The Entire Organization's Reputation: In a situation whereby a team lead doesn't utilize resources properly or fails at executing tasks efficiently, this could lead damage to the reputation of the entire organization. When each team is productive and work efficiently in their individual teams, the organization experiences growth financially and gains credibility as well. Types Of Decentralization Decentralization of politics: The sole goal of political decentralization is to increase the influence of locals or their elected representatives in public decision-making. It is typically associated with issues of pluralistic governance and agent government, but it can also support democratization by allowing citizens—or their representatives—more influence over the formulation and implementation of policies. Political decentralization proponents believe that decisions made by more influential groups will be more informed and relevant to varied public interests than decisions made solely by public political specialists. Decentralized administration: This kind of decentralization aims to disperse power, responsibility, and financial resources for providing public assistance among multiple levels of government. It is the exchange of responsibility for specific public capabilities' preparation, support, and management from the focal government and its offices to handle government organizations' units, lower levels of government, partially independent public experts or businesses, or area-wide, regional, or functional authorities. Fiscal Decentralization: This can take many different forms, such as: self-financing or cost recovery through user charges, co-funding or co-production plans where users participate in providing support and framework through monetary or labor commitments, expansion of local revenues through property or sales taxes, or indirect charges, and intergovernmental agreements. Decentralization of the economy or markets: According to an administration's perspective, privatization and liberation are the most comprehensive forms of decentralization because they transfer responsibility for capacities from the general public to the private sector. Financial advancement and market improvement tactics typically, but not always, link privatization with liberty. Examples of Decentralized Apps(dApps) Uniswap A US-based DApp on the Ethereum blockchain that was introduced in 2018. Users of the site can mainly swap and exchange ERC-20 tokens. By just connecting a cryptocurrency wallet, anyone can access the platform. The MetaMask wallet is the most popular option among Uniswap users for this use. Aave A liquidity protocol that is open-sourced and offers users total transparency. Users are able to stake, lend, borrow, and earn interest on deposits. OpenSea OpenSea is a global leader in NFT trading. It was the first NFT marketplace to receive widespread attention when it launched in December 2017. To save transaction fees, the application was initially built on the Ethereum network and later incorporated on the Polygon blockchain. MakerDAO A credit service DApp built on Ethereum is called MakerDAO. Users can lock their ETH tokens on the site as collateral and get DAI tokens in return. Steemit Steemit is a blogging and social media network built on the blockchain. You are able to create and publish material on the site. Then, several clients react and make comments about it. Each article is paid for by the client, and the prize is not totally covered by the associations it initiates. DAO (Decentralized Autonomous Organization) A DAO is an emerging form of legal structure. As the acronym implies, it's decentralized, every member within a DAO majorly has a common interest and objective. The objective is to work together toward achieving the Organization's goals. Popularized through cryptocurrency enthusiasts and blockchain technology. Conclusion Decentralization has helped improve service provision, as well as enhance the participation of members in an organization practicing decentralization. Decentralized networks as well as decentralized Apps have made it possible to safeguard user privacy and solve the problem of lack of censorship and flexibility of development. It has granted an alternative option to centralization which has its control and interference from a single authority. REFERENCES:



Sep 30 • 1 m read

If The Real Profit Was The Friends We Made Along The Way Can I Still Get My Initial Investment Back?

OPINION — When I saw the team and the community I knew this project was something special. We support each other on Twitter, make each other laugh in the Discord, and are lovestakingly building our beautiful shared future. A bear market isn’t scary. We’ve got a sub-project featuring pictures of bears and people minted A LOT of them. We’re unstoppable. WAGMI, bros. And you know why? Because it’s never been about profits for us. So I lol’d and lmao’d when ETH’s value halved. I meme’d and swarmed Twitter Spaces with silly character voices while the FED raised interest rates and started Quantitative Tapering. I HODL’d and Diamond Hand’d when our founder was doxxed and turned out to be a twice-convicted white-collar criminal. And sure, things have started to get a little tight financially. My wife is pregnant and we’re hoping to buy a house a little earlier than I expected. Plus, there was the ambulance trip to the emergency room last month. But like we’ve been joking in the voice channel: “The real profits were the friends we’ve made along the way.” It’s one of those things that’s funny and true and funny-because-it’s-true. I guess what I’m saying is: Is it cool if I just get my initial investment back? Turns out I could really use a cool $10k right now, but like, in USD and not in non-exclusionary IP rights to a picture of a colorful lil’ dude. I’m a little under water right now, but if you all would buy my pieces of equity for a little over the floor price and throw in an extra $4k cash, we’d be all squared away. And I’ll still be here to hang out and crack jokes. Or not. Whichever option is cool by me – whatever will get us to a deal here. I’m running out of time. We were all supposed to HODL. What happened guys? If you want more of the hardest hitting headlines and articles straight to your inbox subscribe to The Rug’s Newsletter.



Sep 30 • 4 m read

Come Build a Bathhouse on Neighborhood Zero

Imagine washing your hands in a bathroom you built yourself, after spending the entire day wielding power tools beneath the Texan sun. If you’ve been drooling all over our photos on Twitter or FOMO-ing whenever you read our newsletter, then this is the time to get your boots on the ground and your hands on a hand saw at Neighborhood Zero – Cabin’s first neighborhood and the OG home of the Cabin community. From October 10 – 14 and 17 – 21, you can be 1 of 6 builders to help our builder-in-chief Charlie Frise raise a barn bathhouse on Neighborhood Zero. Ready to apply? Here’s the form. Not interested this time, but curious about future build weeks? Get on our newsletter. Want to learn more? Keep reading. What to expect from Build Week As a Build Week participant you get free food, housing, and a crash course on how to build a bathhouse. You’ll live on the property for the duration of the build. You’ll be hanging out with Charlie, our resident longhorns, and the other coliving residents on the property. After a sweaty day of work, you’ll have a warm bed, good friends, and all the convenience of home. Food is provided. We’ll have a host onsite who will do grocery runs for the team. Folks will pair up or volunteer themselves to cook group dinners for the crew. You’re free to raid the fridge and pantry for breakfast and lunch. In exchange, we ask that you work for at least 4 full days and get yourself to and from Neighborhood Zero (45 minutes outside of Austin). You don’t have to know how to drive a trencher or know the difference between a table saw and a chainsaw (although having used power tools in the past would be helpful!). In fact, we love introducing people to the world of DIY. If you’re eager to build and learn a thing or two about construction, then we want you. Build Week schedule You can sign up for either session or both. Each day, the crew begins working around 9:00 AM. Around 12:30 – 1:00 PM the team will break for lunch for an hour, then go back to work until 5:00 or 6:00 PM. You can join the build and take breaks whenever you like. Most folks work at least 4 full days. Session 1: October 10 – 14, 2022 Session 2: October 17 – 21, 2022 Session 1 (Oct 10 – 14) Monday – Foundation. Dig 6 holes, placing a wooden post in them and filling them with concrete Tuesday - Deck Build. Build the floor frame of the entire bathhouse. Wednesday - Infrastructure and subfloor. Run pipes to below where the toilets, showers, and sinks will be. Install a subfloor on top of the floor frame. Thursday - Raise walls. Build walls out of 2x4s and lift them into place. Friday - Raising walls & Plumbing. Continue to build walls. Begin to run water lines within the walls. Session 2 (Oct 17 – 21) Monday – Window install, housewrap. Install windows, wrap the building with a water resistant barrier, and continue plumbing. Tuesday - Roof framing and siding. 2 teams: One team works on framing the roof while the other puts siding on the walls Wednesday - Roof sheathing and siding. 2 teams: One team works on sheathing the roof while the other puts siding on the walls. Thursday - Roofing and Insulation. 2 teams: One places roofing underlayment on the roof and begins to add metal roofing. The other adds insulation to walls Friday - Roofing and Insulation. 2 teams: Continue to build walls. Begin to run water lines within the walls. What you’ll be building So far, our build teams have put up a pergola and firepit, a sauna, and now ...  we're building a bathhouse! Okay, okay, we’re not building a Roman bathhouse. But we do want to build a house with bathrooms in the middle of our property. Charlie’s working on a couple of shedrooms this fall so more folks can live on the property, but there's no public bathroom for the visitors who drive by Neighborhood Zero or for those living in the shedrooms. So we need hands to help him build a large outhouse for them. The bathhouse's showers will also add to our outdoor spa complex on the property. Finally, if you’re curious to see Neighborhood Zero or learn more about the project itself, check out this video: Join Build Week Build Weeks are hot items amongst the Cabin community. You learn new skills in an intensely physical setting. You spend time IRL with people that you enjoy hanging out with online. You bond quickly with these people because you’re all working towards a purpose you choose for yourselves. In other words, each day spent working in a Cabin construction zone is a welcome respite for a city-dweller or a tech worker who spends most of her time in front of a computer. Plus, learning the steps, following the plans, and getting your hands on wood and stone — these will leave you with a sense that you can build and learn anything. No wonder so many people sign up for a single Build Week and end up staying for both. 😉 Session 1: October 10 – 14, 2022 Session 2: October 17 – 21, 2022 If you’ve been itching to make a pilgrimage out to the mythical Neighborhood Zero and etch your name into Cabin lore, this is it. As multiple Build Week participant, David/speakease says: “Making a pilgrimage somewhere and doing hard labor with a group just brings people together.” Ready to sign up? Apply for Build Week here. Not interested this time but curious about future build weeks? Get on our newsletter to make sure you get notified of the next one!



Sep 30 • 1 m read

ECN Podcast 上线 | 001 与 Jason Wan 聊聊 Arbitrum Nitro 和 Nova

通过对话连接社区 ECN 社区的读者朋友们,大家好,很高兴能在今天向大家宣布 ECN Podcast 正式上线!自创立以来,ECN 的愿景一直是让更多人认识、使用以太坊,进而参与以太坊生态的建设。过去,我们一直通过翻译、资讯传递以及举办社区活动来促进以太坊中文社区的小伙伴们融入整个以太坊生态。但是,社区建设不止于此...... 对话从来都是人类产生价值的重要方式,人们在对话中理清思路、在思想的碰撞中获得新知、在真实具体的人身上产生共鸣。因此,我们希望通过一种新的、互动性更强的媒介和沟通方式,拉近以太坊中文社区与整个以太坊、甚至是区块链从业者之间的距离。 ECN Podcast 这是一档专注于与区块链从业者深入对话,探讨以太坊和泛区块链技术以及生态发展的播客。我们期待理性的对话能激起听众的思考、真诚的沟通能让 Web3 更有温度。 你们不只是听众,还是对话者 我们在 ECN 的 Discord 开设了一个频道 #ecn-podcast,大家可以针对每期播客的话题提问嘉宾或者与其他小伙伴进行更深入的探讨。 同时也欢迎大家在这个频道 po 出自己感兴趣的内容,我们会不定期收集并作为 Podcast 的话题选材来源。 加入我们:** 订阅 ECN Podcast 访问 收听 Podcast 以及获取节目的其他详细信息。你也可以通过泛用型播客客户端 Apple Podcasts、Pocket Casts、Castro、Google Podcasts、Spotify 等订阅我们的节目。 ECN Podcast 001 聊聊 Layer2 扩容解决方案 Arbitrum 新推出的 Nitro 和 Nova Arbitrum 是由 Offchain Labs 开发的一个基于 Optimistic Rollup 技术的以太坊扩容解决方案。时隔 Arbitrum 上线主网已有一年多,这期间 Abitrum 的生态不断扩展。根据 网站显示,截至本文发布,Arbitrum One 网络锁仓量超过 24 亿美元。在技术迭代方面, Arbitrum 在近期先后推出了基于 Anytrust 技术的链下数据可用性解决方案 Nova、新的技术栈 Nitro。 在首期节目中,我们很荣幸邀请到了 Arbitrum 亚太区集成工程师 Jason Wan 来为我们介绍这些更新背后的一些技术细节。这些更新完善了什么问题?对用户和开发者意味着什么?目前网络中仍为中心化角色的 Sequencer 和 需许可的 Validators 将来会如何迭代呢? ﹋﹊﹋﹊﹋﹊﹋﹊﹋﹊﹋﹊﹋﹊﹋﹊﹋﹊ 引介 - Nitro Nitro 是 Arbitrum One 的迭代版本,在不同方案对原始版本进一步改善,包括提供更高的效率、更少的延迟、更强的活性保证以及更佳的兼容性。 Nitro 基于四个特点设计: 对交易定序,然后进行确定性的执行 (deterministic execution):Nitro 分两个阶段处理提交的交易。首先,将交易放入序列中 (将会按照此排序处理交易),并向网络广播该序列。然后,按顺序对每笔交易应用一个确定性的状态转换函数 (state transition function)。 以 Geth 为核心:Nitro 中的核心执行和状态维护由基于 go-ethereum (Geth) 的代码处理,Geth 是最主流的以太坊节点软件。以 Geth 为核心这一特点让 Nitro 确保其执行和状态与以太坊的高度可兼容。 将执行与证明分离:Nitro 分别为两个目标编译其状态转换函数的代码。当在 Nitro 节点的普通运行中使用时,该代码被编译为本地执行。另外,它还被编译为可移植的 Web Assembly (WASM) 代码,必要时用于欺诈证明协议中。这种双目标的编译方式确保了执行的速度,而证明过程则基于结构化的、独立于机器的代码。 使用交互式欺诈证明的 Optimistic Rollup:在原始版本的基础上,Nitro 优化了其基于分割式多轮交互的欺诈证明协议的 optimistic rollup 协议。 引介 - Nova 为了满足一些应用对于更高的可扩展性的需求 (如游戏行业),Offchain Labs 引入了更快、gas 更低的 AnyTrust 技术。而 Nova 就是基于 AnyTrust 技术的解决方案。 AnyTrust 是 Nitro 的一个变体,通过引入轻微的信任假设来进一步降低交易成本。Nitro 通过在以太坊 L1 上发布 calldata 以提供数据可用性。而 AnyTrust 则依靠一个外部的数据可用性委员会来存储数据以及根据需要提供数据可用性。 ﹋﹊﹋﹊﹋﹊﹋﹊﹋﹊﹋﹊﹋﹊﹋﹊﹋﹊ 点击收听 Podcast,了解更多


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